5 Stans – Nomadic life experiences

5 Stans – Nomadic life experiencesFive Stans – Nomadic life experiences: Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan





Five Stans – Nomadic life experiences:Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan

Travel itinerary: Tashkent – Ferghana – Bishkek – Ala archa – Issik Kul – Bishkek – Almaty – Charyn Canyon - Tashkent – Khujand – Dushanbe – Termez – Shahrisabz – Samarkand – Bukhara – Khiva – Dashoguz – Ashgabat

Duration: 22 days, 21 nights

Accommodation: Twin/double accommodations in hotels

01 Homeland – Tashkent

Arrival in Tashkent International airport at 11:35 and transfer to hotel, check-in. We start our excursion with the old town, the “Eski shakhar”,  a maze of narrow streets dusty, overlooked by low houses of brick and mud, ancient mosques and madrasas (Islamic academies), which seems to have been spared by Soviet planners to show the original appearance of the buildings. It continues with the complex of Hazrat Imams, which includes the Barak Khan madrassah (XVI century), the old mosque Djami (Friday) still in the work, and the mausoleum of Kaffal Chachi - the tomb of a great philosopher, poet and teacher of Islam lived in the tenth century. It 'still a place of pilgrimage for the locals. Then we will stop at the bazaar Charsu, the city's most famous farmer's market and a great place to meet many locals coming from the surrounding countryside dressed in traditional costumes. Finally panoramic tour of the modern city: the Independence Square, the square of Amir Temur, the Theatre Square. Dinner at local restaurant.
 Overnight in Tashkent.

02 Tashkent – Kokand – Rishtan – Fergana 
Drive to Fergana Valley (320 km drive till Fergana city). The steep road which connects Fergana Valley with the rest of Uzbekistan runs via picturesque mountain pass Kamchik (2267 m above sea level). The first stop will be in the city of Kokand where you will visit the Khudoyar Khan Palace, Jami Mosque, Kamol-Kazy Madrasah,Norbut-biy Madrasah. Head to Rishtan town to visit a pottery workshop. Continue driving to Fergana city. Visit Akhmad Al-Fergani Park in Fergana. Check in to the hotel. 
Overnight in Fergana.
03 Fergana – border point – Osh – Bishkek 
In the morning transfer to Uzbekistan-Kyrgyzstan border point. Go through border formalities on both checkpoints. In Kyrgyzstan meet your local guide and driver and continue to Osh. Have a short city tour in Osh founded by King Solomon 3000 years ago as legends say. Visit Suleiman-Too (Solomon’s Mountain), National Museum of History and Archaeology, and Osh bazaar located at that same place since the time when Osh was an important trading center on the Great Silk Road. In the afternoon transfer to the local airport for flight to Bishkek. Upon arrival you will be transferred to the hotel for overnight.
04 Bishkek – Ala-Archa – Bishkek
After breakfast transfer to the Ala-Archa National Park (40 km, 50 min.) which attracts visitors with its beautiful mountain scenery and hiking trails. Fast flowing Ala-Archa River runs through the alpine gorge surrounded by snowy peaks with steep forested slopes. Enjoy free time or a hike in the park. In the afternoon return to Bishkek for city tour. Visit Oak Park, Ala-Too Square, Statue of Manas. See Philharmonic Hall and Victory Monument – bright examples of Soviet architecture.
Overnight at the hotel.
05 Bishkek – Issyk-Kul
In the morning transfer to Issyk-Kul Lake (260 km, 4 h.). On the way stop to see Burana tower, the remnants of the ancient city Balasagun (11-13th centuries). Continue driving to Issyk-Kul, the second largest mountain lake in the world (1600 m above sea level). Arrival at the lake, accommodation in a hotel at the North Coast of Issyk-Kul.
06 Issyk-Kul – Bishkek
After breakfast transfer to Cholpon-Ata where you will see petroglyphs, the rock carvings under the open sky, visit Ethnographical Museum. Continue to Bishkek (280 km, 4 h.). Arrive in Bishkek, free time. Overnight at the hotel.
07 Bishkek – Almaty
In the morning is transfer to Almaty (250 km, 4 h.). Cross Kyrgyzstan-Kazakhstan border. The tour starts with sightseeing in central part of Almaty. You will visit a popular place for town people - the Green Bazaar, where it is impossible to refrain from shopping. Then the tour will continue in one of the oldest Almaty parks - Panfilov Park, where one of the most beautiful wooden building in the world - Zenkov Cathedral is located. You will also visit the Memorial of Glory and Eternal Flame, dedicated to the memory of the fighters who died for freedom and independence of the country. After exploration of sport, you will get to the Medeo Gorge, well known due to the highest mountain skating rink in the world and the dam, protecting the city from dangerous mudflow. Next destination is the Kok-Tobe hill where the tallest TV tower in the world is located (if to count from the sea level) and where you will get by the picturesque winding mountain road. The tour ends with the short ride from the top of the hill to the center of the city by the famous Almaty cableway. In the evening transfer to the hotel.
Overnight at the hotel.
08 Almaty – Charyn Canyon – Almaty
Breakfast is in the hotel. Then is transfer Charyn Canyon is one of the unique natural monuments of Kazakhstan. The canyon is about 12 million years old and surprises with its vertical cliffs, reminding the ancient castles, created by wind, sun and rain. It will take about 3 hours to reach the canyon. Meanwhile, you will hear a lot of interesting about the history and nature of the region, about Kazakh people, their life and traditions as well as have a lunch in a local cafe. And as soon as you see Charyn Canyon you will forget about this long way at once - so much you will be impressed with the beauty and splendor of the canyon. You can admire the grand panorama and then have a walk through the maze of the Castles Valley with its inaccessible walls overhanging you. In the evening is transfer to the hotel. Overnight.
09 Almaty - Tashkent
Breakfast. You will have some free time until transfer to the airport to fly to Tashkent (672 km, 1 h. 40 min.). Arrival in Tashkent. Transfer to the hotel. Free time.
Overnight at the hotel.
10 Tashkent – Khujand
Early morning transfer to Uzbekistan-Tajikistan border Oybek-Fotekhobod (100 km, 1 h. 30 min.). Go through border formalities on both checkpoints. Meet Tajik local guide and driver and drive to Khujand (70 km, 1 h.). Sightseeing in Khujand: Republican Historical-Ethnographic Museum, Timur Malik Fortress, Archeological Museum, Mosque and Madrasah of Sheikh Muslehiddin, Panjshanbe Bazaar.
Overnight at the hotel.
11 Khujand – Dushanbe
In the morning depart Khujand and drive to Dushanbe (270 km, 5 h.). The mountain road goes via picturesque Anzob pass (3300 m above sea level). Arrive in Dushanbe and start a city tour: Mosque of Hoji Yakub, National Museum of Tajikistan, Gurminj Musical Instruments Museum, Statue of Ismail Samani, and Rudaki Park.
Overnight at the hotel.
12 Dushanbe – Termez
Transfer to Tajikistan-Uzbekistan border Bratstvo-Sariosiyo (70 km, 1 h.), on the way visit Hissar Fortress where you will see Madrasah Kuhna. Continue driving to the border. Go through border formalities on both checkpoints. On Uzbekistan side meet your local guide and driver. Transfer to Termez (180 km, 2 h. and 30 min.). In the afternoon have a short sightseeing tour in Termez: visit Archeology Museum and Mausoleum of Al-Hakim at-Termezi.
Overnight at the hotel.
13 Termez – Shahrisabz
Breakfast. Half day excursion: Nunnery Kirk Kiz (9-10th c.), Fayaztepa (a site of ancient settlement 2-3rd cc.), Kara- Tepa, Buddhist Stupa Zurmala. Lunch time. After lunch transfer to Shahrisabz (290 km, 5h). Arrive in Shahrisabz.
Overnight at the hotel.
14 Shahrisabz – Samarkand
Breakfast. Visit Mausoleum of Jakhongir in Dor-us Siodat Memorial Complex, remains of Ak-Saray Palace,Dor-ut Tilavat Ensemble with Kok-Gumbaz Mosque and burial vault of Tamerlane’s father. In the afternoon continue driving to Samarkand (90 km, 2 h.). Arrive in Samarkand, check in to the hotel for overnight.
15 Samarkand
Breakfast. Full day sightseeing of Samarkand includes the visits to Gur Emir Mausoleum (where conqueror Amir Temur (Temurlane), famous Registan Square (with Madrassa Sherdor XVII century, Tilla Kori and Ulugbek XV century), remains of grandiose Bibi Khanum Mosque, Samarkand oriental bazaar, Shokhi Zinda Nekropole (important pilgrimage place in Samarkand).
Night in Samarkand.
16 Samarkand – Bukhara
Check-out from the hotel till noon. Continue sightseeing: visit Afrasiab Museum and the Tomb of Saint Daniel. Then drive to Koni Ghil village to learn how Samarkand paper from mulberry is made in a traditional way. In the afternoon depart Samarkand and drive to Bukhara. On the way stop at Caravanserai Rabat Malik dating back to the 11th century. Continue driving to Bukhara. Arrive in Bukhara, check in to the hotel for overnight.
17 Bukhara
Breakfast. We start our tour from the Mausoleum of the Samanids and architectural jewel of the ninth century, the Mausoleum of Tchashma Ayoub "Source of Job", Mosque Bolo Khouz "mosque over the bath," the Citadel Ark the heart of the old town, was the official residence of the rulers of Bukhara. Lunch time. Then we continue our tour from the Kalon Complex occupies a central part of the city of Bukhara with its impressive Kalon Minaret of the twelfth century, Poi-Kalyan Complex including: Minaret of Kalyan (XII), Medrese of Mir-Arab (XVI), Kalyan Mosque (XV).
Overnight in Bukhara.
18 Bukhara – Khiva
In the morning depart Bukhara and drive to Khiva (480 km, 7-8 h.). The Great Silk Road once routed through Bukhara and Khiva ran through the Kyzylkum Desert, today you will pass the same route**. Stop en-route to enjoy views of the desert and Amudarya River. Arrive in Khiva late in the afternoon, check in to the hotel. Time for rest.
Overnight at the hotel.
19 Khiva
Full day for sightseeing of Khiva – AM sightseeing including visits to the inner town of Ichan Kala (XIV-XX CC) with Muhamad Amin khan Madrassah, Kalta Minor Minaret, Kunya Ark, Muhamad Rahim khan Madrassah, Djuma Mosque and Minaret, Tash Hauli Palace. PM sightseeing for 2 hrs: Islam Khodja Minaret and Madrassah, Shirgazi khan Madrassah Pahlavan Mahmud Mausoleum.
Night in Khiva.
20 Khiva – Kunya-Urgench – Dashoguz – Ashgabat
In the morning drive to Turkmenistan border point Shavat-Dashoguz (60 km, 1 h.). Go through border formalities on both checkpoints. Cross 1.5 km neutral zone (transportation may not be available). Meet your Turkmenistan guide and drive to Kunya Urgench (100 km, 1 h. 30 min.). Visit mausoleums of Turebek-Khanym,Sultan Tekesh, Sultan Il Arslan, Najmad-din-Kubra, Sultan Ali. Discover the Kutlug Timur Minaret and Kyrk Molla hill. In the afternoon drive to Dashoguz airport (120 km, 1 h. 30 min.), take an evening flight to Ashgabat (580 km, 50 min.). Upon arrival transfer to the hotel for overnight.
21 Ashgabat
Breakfast. One of the major historical and cultural sites inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List is Ancient Nisa. The ruins of the ancient cities of Old and New Nisa lie in the picturesque valley near Baghir settlement located 18 kilometres from Ashgabat. These ruins are a reminder of the Parthian Empire that competed with Great Rome for supremacy in the ancient world by military strength and cultural development. City tour: Old and new Nissa; Ancient capital of Parthian kings; National museum of Ethnography & history; In Nisa the archaeologists found the evidence of the ancient civilization such as coins, priceless ivory rhytons, dishware, pieces of gold and silver jewellery and marble statues, rare specimens of the Parthian wall paintings and stone architectural decorations. These artefacts are exhibited nowadays in the Main Museum of Turkmenistan. Drive to the hotel. Dinner at the restaurant “Merdem” in the real Turkmen yurt.
Overnight in Ashgabat.
22 Ashgabat – Departure
Transfer to the airport. End of the tour.
Hotels in Cities
Comfort  hotels
Hotel Ramada International Tashkent 4* or Ramada 4* or City Palace 4*
Hotel Asia Fergana 3*
Hotel Plaza 4* or similar
Issyk kul
Hotel Karven 4*
Hotel Atakent Park 4*
Hotel Khujand Grand 4* or Khujand Delux
Hotel Lotus 4*
Hotel Meridian 3* or Asson 3*
Hotel Shahrisabz yulduzi 3*
Hotel Emirkhan 4* or Hotel Diyora 4* or similar
Hotel Asia Bukhara or Hotel Amelie boutique or similar
Hotel Asia Khiva 3* or Bek 3* or similar
Hotel Nusay 5* or Oguzkent 5*


Tour price included:

- Visa support to Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan;

- Accommodation based on double/twin room sharing, breakfasts included;

- English speaking guide;

- Transportation with A/C throughout the whole trip;

- Economy class tickets for flights Bishkek - Osh, Urgench - Tashkent

- Bottled drinking water en route.


Tour price does not include:

-  Hotel charges for additional services;

-  Consular fees paid upon collection of the entrance Visa;

-  Full board (lunches and dinners);

- Flight tickets Almaty-Tashkent;

- Consular fees paid upon collection of the entrance Visa;

- International flight tickets;

- Personal insurance and any items not mentioned above;



Date & Prices
Number of touristsPrice, per pax
2 person USD 4400
4 person USD 3800
6 person USD 3500
8 person USD 3300
Single suppl. USD 600
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Five Stans Nomadic life experiences. Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan

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